Nature —U The same explanation, called hereafter the "duplicated Y" hypothesis, applies to the D. This being true, the montium Y should had acquired other male genes besides the nine mentioned above.
For example, the re-appearance of Y-linkage for several genes in D. The sex cords lose contact with more The proto-Y becomes a "mature" Y chromosome, containing the male sex-determining gene, some other male related genes e.
Hence cases in which Y chromosomes revert to autosomal inheritance are particularly interesting because i they offer the unique opportunity to study the forces that shaped the Y chromosome lack of recombination; male-restricted status, reduced effective population size after they disappear or are reversed; ii they allow the study of the origin of Y chromosomes below.
Thus, all it takes is a small genetic change to turn SRY, or any of the genes it targets, on or off. That being said, I do not believe in non-binary fluid gender. There are some species, such as the medaka fish, that evolved sex chromosomes separately; their Y chromosome never inverted and can still swap genes with the X.
Mine are just broken. We were all taught the classic recipe in grade school: an X chromosome from mom and an X chromosome from dad will yield a genetic female, while an X chromosome from mom and a Y chromosome from dad will yield a genetic male.
Neat, easy, no thought. More research must be conducted in order to determine the exact sex determining gene of the platypus. Furthermore, the discussion about equality is absurd.
The bipotential more Besides this large-scale events, there are also individual gene losses from the Y, which in Drosophila occur by two mechanisms: i more commonly, the formerly Y-linked gene moves to an autosome or the X , in which case a single gene shifts to male and female amplification "Y chromosome gene transfer" ; ii the formerly Y-linked gene is lost from the genome, in which case PCR systematically fails in both sexes "genomic gene loss" [ 28 ].
This domain is found in several transcription factors and nonhistone chromatin proteins, and it induces bending in the region of DNA to which it binds Figure