Yang and Kozloski examined differences among American men and women in indices of inflammation, metabolic syndrome, and a composite allostatic load measure including inflammation, metabolic syndrome, kidney, and lung function. We used individual-level data obtained from each study.
Find articles by Eileen M. As with sex differences in unmanipulated mice, there may be a considerable amount roman life expectancy sex differences in Liverpool be learned from further investigation of these cases. Lleras-Muney and Goldin show that in the US, infectious diseases disproportionately affected females between the ages of 5 and 25 in the 19th century, so as the burden of infectious disease fell for both men and women, it disproportionately helped women.
A related, more narrowly defined idea, is that patterns of parental care affect sex differences in in longevity.
Oxford, p. North Am. Clearly, men have better physical performance, although the size of the differences varies between countries.
Sex-specific regulation of aging and apoptosis. Women Health. As we were writing this article we reviewed many academic articles, some of which are not directly referenced in the text above. Probing the relationship between insulin sensitivity and longevity using genetically modified mice.
The relationship between male and female mortality rates clearly depends on the epidemiological circumstances and behavioral differences.
Gender differences in health: are things really as simple as they seem? One of these is the heterogametic sex or unguarded X hypothesis, which posits that males are shorter-lived sex because they have only a single X chromosome Trivers, The use of former enemy soldiers as slaves led perhaps inevitably to a series of en masse armed rebellions, the Servile Wars , the last of which was led by Spartacus.
Yet given the early survival differences between the sexes, if differential immune competence could be affecting survival differences, then studies of infants might seem warranted.