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Additionally, many sex workers have been part of the child welfare system adoption, foster care, juvenile detention in their youth or childhood. The prevalence of HIV among female sex workers in the United States was reported by all 14 included studies.
Behavioral studies from the United States and around the world have often found several sources of risk among female sex workers.
Calling all HuffPost superfans! Factors associated with severity of depression and high-risk sexual behavior among persons diagnosed with human immunodeficiency virus HIV infection. The assertion that sex worker HIV prevention programs are effective applies to formal, self-acknowledged, professional sex workers.
Journal of epidemiology and community health. Using condoms or taking medicine to prevent or treat HIV can decrease this risk. Lloyd says she doesn't want sex workers to be persecuted or punished. Sometimes they are coerced into it by a threatening client, or they may simply be offered more money to dispense with the condom.
Federal and local policies may discourage researchers and programs from providing services to this population [ 28 ]. One single variable meta-regression was possible. Finally, there are important barriers associated with accessing prevention services as a result of the anti-prostitution laws in 49 of 50 states in the United States.
The limited number of studies did not allow us to further evaluate geographic variation. In summary, we included English-language articles with original relevant quantitative data on the prevalence of HIV collected from a sample of at least 50 female sex workers in the United States.
Most included studies reported little to no information on potential factors associated with HIV prevalence. HIV infection, risk behaviors, and depressive symptoms among Puerto Rican sex workers. AIDS Behav ;10 6