Figure 2 Female sex: ultrasound identification of the female fetal sex at first trimester ultrasound scan shows the genital tubercle parallel to the spinal column. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol ; Sitemap What's New Feedback Disclaimer.
The exclusion criteria included patient refusal to continue the study, attended birth at another hospital and the diagnosis of fetal death, congenital anomaly, or inability to confirm fetal sex at birth.
Bashour et al. In the early publications on sonographic prenatal gender assignment male sex was identified by the presence of the penis and scrotum while females were by the absence of both scrotum and penis. Turtle Sign When the ultrasound technician is looking for a boythey are looking for something called the turtle sign.
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Their case notes were retrieved about 3 weeks after the expected date of delivery and the sex of the baby at birth entered into their questionnaires. The collection of variables was performed in two stages, recruitment coinciding with the ultrasound examination during the first trimester and post-delivery.
Hence we recommend the use of prenatal sonographic sex determination when requested and communication of the report to the women provided it is done by a competent trained health personnel. Obstet Gynecol. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol. Advanced search.
Finally, Table 1 describes the results of univariate and multivariate analysis of independent variables and its relation to the success rate in the diagnosis of fetal sex. The statistical package used was SPSS Pregnant women have been curious about the sex of their unborn child.
The outcome was confirmed at delivery without encountering any case of ambiguous genitalia. J Clin Ultrasound. Regarding the size of the fetus, according to the CRL, it is clear that there is a direct correlation between diagnostic accuracy and CRL regardless of fetal sex.