Mammalian true hermaphrodites result from abnormalities of primary sex determination. The sperm are transported from the inside of the testis through the rete testis, which joins the efferent ducts. Meanwhile, during fetal development, the interstitial mesenchyme cells of the testes differentiate into Leydig cellswhich make testosterone.
Cite this Page Gilbert SF. B The external genitalia more
Neofiber Round-tailed muskrat N. Gene action in the X-chromosome of the mouse Mus musculus L. Sex chromosomes and sex-linked genes. Ganzu vole C. For example, over-expression of the DAX1 gene on the X chromosome appears to over-ride SRYand is associated with male-to-female sex reversal in humans Bardoni et al.
Autosomes undergo silencing as well—this process has been named MSUC meiotic silencing of unsynapsed chromatin.
Chromosomal evolution in Rhogeessa Chiroptera: Vespertilionidae : possible speciation by centric fusions. J Theor Biol23—36 Biol Rev. Unique sex chromosome systems in Ellobius: How do male XX chromosomes recombine and undergo pachytene chromatin inactivation?
Evolution of the Y sex chromosome in animals. The presence of the Sry fragments in females of E.
Unlike those that act in other developing organs, the genes involved in sex determination differ extensively between phyla, so one cannot look at Drosophila sex-determining genes and expect to see their homologues directing mammalian sex determination. And I look at the debate between two prominent sex chromosome scientists and try to understand how they are at once having a really serious scientific debate and at the same time having a debate about gender politics.
Since the female is XX, each of her eggs has a single X chromosome. At puberty, however, the cords will hollow out to form the seminiferous tubules , and the germ cells will begin to differentiate into sperm.