Archived from the original on 2 April Yet the United States is the only country in the world that has such a panoply of measures governing the lives of former sex offenders. Increasingly severe registration, community notification, and residency restriction laws have encountered little public opposition.
At least 13 states require registration for public urination; of those, two limit registration to those who committed the act in view of a minor; . Registration laws should be narrowed in scope and duration. Main article: Jacob Wetterling Act.
In many states everyone who is required to register is included on the online registry.
Community hostility towards employers who hire registered sex offenders is also reflected in the following case, recounted to Human Rights Watch by the mother of a registered offender:. Myers, Kan. Klaas Kids Foundation. Use these options to narrow your search down to a specific area.
The first point of divergence is how states distinguish their registrants. An earlier study by the Institute concluded that community notification appeared to have little effect on sex offense recidivism.
Prior to Megan's death, only 5 states had laws requiring sex offenders to register their personal information with law enforcement. Patty Wetterling, a prominent child safety advocate who founded the Jacob Wetterling Foundation after her son was abducted inrecently told Human Rights Watch.
Forty percent of the offenders against very young children under the age of six were themselves children; a similar proportion 39 percent of offenders whose victims were age six to 11 were children. On August 5, Massachusetts was the last state to enact its version of Megan's Law.
Support for Megan's Laws within both Congress and state legislatures was overwhelming. After 15 years offense-free, the recidivism rate for the next five years was 4 percent.
Minnesota also includes a "need-to-know" limitation on community notification. Some experts who specialize in the treatment of individuals who commit sex offenses are not surprised that individuals caught for their sex crimes have a relatively low recidivism rate.
According to child development experts, many children move past the misdeeds of their youth, although some will require special support and treatment to do so. Other registrants have been driven to suicide, including a teenager who was required to register after he had exposed himself to girls on their way to gym class.
It will, however, cause great harm to those who, while they are young, must endure the stigma of being identified as and labeled a sex offender, and who as adults will continue to bear that stigma, sometimes for the rest of their lives.