Archived from the original on 24 September R 0 in the four scenarios A2, B2, C2, and D2. Papers on Social Representations. Chesney M, Smith A. Stigma and social barriers to medication adherence with urban youth living with HIV.
PLoS One. In Section 3. In the polygynous scenario the network structure is made up of short chains of partnerships involving a maximum of three individuals, see also Fig. Whether the young participants in the scriptwriting competitions observed this phenomenon directly in their communities or indirectly via media representations reflecting epidemiological understandings, they are increasingly propagating and reinforcing a social representation of a feminized epidemic in their narratives.
HIV vaccine acceptability among women at risk: perceived barriers and facilitators to future HIV vaccine uptake. This theory is known as the "Bushmeat theory".
Experiences of sexual violence have also been associated with drug and alcohol use, early sexual debut, having multiple sexual partners, trading sex for money and drugs and less contraceptive use [ 66 ].
How all these components are optimally promoted and deployed depends on many factors, including the stage and nature of a given epidemic and the particular subpopulations at risk. The main reason for lack of efficacy was poor adherence.
Many individuals migrate due to better job prospects or are forced to migrate due to political instability, war and famine [ 32 ]. Open in a separate window. Antiretroviral therapy does not cure HIV infection but suppresses viral replication within a person's body and allows an individual's immune system to strengthen and regain the capacity to fight off infections.
DOI: Evidence regarding associations between HIV self-stigma and unprotected sex largely comes from studies conducted in Western contexts.
Scenarios were ineligible for inclusion in the study sample if they did not mention HIV. Figure 1. The structure of the sexual network of a population plays an essential role in the transmission of HIV.