Teaches that sexual expression outside of marriage will have harmful social, psychological, and physical consequences. Changes in formal sex education: and In abstinence-plus education, participants are given a hierarchy of safe-sex strategies. Even more dramatic, however, has been the increasing age at marriage.
The most vociferous criticism of abstinence as a public health goal has been directed toward abstinence-only education i. In their systematic review, Underhill and colleagues found that abstinence-plus programs appear to reduce short-term and long-term HIV risk behavior among youth in high-income countries.
Abstinence and abstinence-only education: A review of U. E-mail: ude. Published online Sep Teaches that proper use of latex condoms, along with water-based lubricants, can greatly reduce, but not eliminate, the risk of unintended pregnancy and of infection with sexually transmitted diseases STDs including HIV.
Accessed 5 May
Jackson's metro area school districts are split on which curriculum to adopt. These issues, however, are only one piece of the pie. Failure rates of contraceptive implants are approximately half a percent, three percent for the Depo-Provera shot, and up to eight percent for the patch, ring and pill when used incorrectly, almost sixteen percent for women using a diaphragm, and almost thirty percent for spermicides used without condoms Lowen.
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Policy statement: Sexuality education for children and adolescents. A new systematic review by Kristen Underhill and colleagues in this issue of PLoS Medicine addresses a related approach to abstinence promotion—abstinence-plus interventions [ 18 ].
While the overall trends in the new study in PLoS Medicine are clear, making sense of the detailed results and interpreting this morass of information is no easy task.